GARBAGE PATCH, PACIFIC OCEAN
THESIS project 2017
studio hani rashid, university of applied arts, vienna

The oceans today are not just eerie and forbidden regions, but areas that, despite the fact that they may never have seen a human being, feel the effects of human activities. Marine plastic pollution has impacted at least 267 species. Globally, millions of tons of trash enter the ocean each year. Due to ocean currents, this plastic waste collects in particular areas, one of them is the Great Pacific Garbage Patch (The 8th Continent). Garbage Patch is the location of the proposed floating station which is collecting plastic debris from the surface of the water.
The floating station is with different processes answering the environmental changes on site. Object connects research and education facility with ocean plastic recycle centre. The project uses marine science and knowledge to showcase the increasingly troubling side of aquatic environments, not as a new phenomenon but due to centuries of human–ocean interactions. This unique meeting platform should bring people to this distant environment and fight against the delusion that we cannot hurt the ocean by our action onshore.
One of the most critical aspects is to design space considering its relationship with the environment and its surroundings. This ocean intervention cannot be reached by refining the static object alone but must address complex interactions. The floating station is, therefore, not just dealing with environmental issues considering cleaning the ocean.
The station reflects processes that occur on water and learn from marine organisms' biological functions. It is essential that the system can maintain its stability while still allow change and adaptation to occur. This dynamic architecture is first influenced, transformed and organised by ecology systems, allowing architecture to recreate ecology reciprocally.
The station consists of five main parts:
1 – The Barrier that serves to collect waste and harvest tidal energy
2 – The Collector, where waste is sorted, recycled and stored
3 – The Research and Education Centre to study and showcase the increasingly troubling side of aquatic environments
4 - Greenhouses where plants are grown and water is desalinated
5 – Living Quarters with support facilities

Each of the main parts is developed based on the required environmental characteristics and the program they carry. The Barrier floats on the water surface and moves waste towards the Collector. The collection technology at the centre of the building is designed to optimize waste handling. The research and education centre is linked to the Collector and Greenhouses to follow the water processes and study them. Greenhouses are shaped to optimize condensed water collection and resemble large sails to allow wind to navigate the station. The Living Quarters, public spaces, and support facilities pass through the building's centre and connect all parts, geometrically matching the ship's keel.

The natural forces are affecting the station's movement and position as well as the inside environment. The floating station is self-sufficient, so the station's elements must cooperate and optimize the power source. The Barrier also collects tidal energy, which powers the turbine to collect the waste. Solar panels cover Greenhouses and ensure there is enough power for the water reservoirs' heating, allowing the evaporation of water and its desalination. After the wastewater extraction, the filtered clean water is pumped into the water tank and either desalinated or used for halophilic plants' hydroponic cultivation.
The Barrier
The Barrier
The Collector
The Collector
The Greenhouses
The Greenhouses
Energy exchange
Energy exchange
The sea is everything. ” ― Jules Verne, Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea
The live-giving ocean is suffering, and we need to help restore its balance for our planet's survival. We can not achieve it only by technology, but we need an interdisciplinary platform to educate people and change their relationship with the marine environment for the generations to come.

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